Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, COAD)

COPD, also known as COAD (chronic obstructive airways disease) is thought to be the fourth most common cause of death worldwide. It is characterised by airflow limitation that is largely irreversible due to damage of the airways and lung tissue. The main cause is tobacco smoking, and symptoms include breathlessness, cough, sputum production, wheeze and chest tightness, which worsen slowly over time.

For more information on how acupuncture may be able to help with the symptoms of COPD/COAD, please download this factsheet.