Kidney stones (urolithiasis) are small, hard deposits of mineral and acid salts that separate out from urine in the urinary tract. Larger stones can cause pain, infection, and decreased kidney function. Around 2-3% of the general population in the UK experience kidney stones at some point in their lives. 50% of people with previous kidney stones have a recurrence within 10 years.
For more information on how acupuncture may be able to help with the symptoms of kidney stones, please download this factsheet.